Residence permits and EU citizen registration
You can apply for a residence permit or registration of the right of residence in Finland from the Finnish Immigration Service.
If you come to Finland from outside the EU or the Nordic Countries for more than 90 days, you must apply for a residence permit. You can apply for a residence permit based on work, study, family ties, return migration or some other reason.
Read more about the different residence permits and the application criteria on the website of Finnish Immigration Services.
If you are a citizen of an EU country, Liechtenstein or Switzerland, you do not need a residence permit for Finland, but you must register for your right of residence in Finland. See the instructions from the Finnish Immigration Service for how to apply for registration:
If you are a citizen of the Nordic countries (Sweden, Norway, Denmark or Iceland), register your stay with the Finnish Digital Agency:
If you are a British citizen and have resided in Finland before 31 December 2020, you can apply for a right of residence under a divorce agreement, or a right of permanent residence under a divorce agreement, up until 30 September 2021. Read the latest instructions: https://migri.fi/en/brexit/en
If you are a British citizen and you arrived in Finland on or after the 1st of January 2021, you can no longer apply for the right of residence under a divorce agreement. In this case, apply for a residence permit in the same manner as others from outside the EU. See instructions for applying for a residence permit on the website: https://migri.fi/en/residence-permit
The Lahti Finnish Immigration Service point is open to customers from Monday-Wednesday and https://migri.fi/en/residence-permitm when you want to do visit this Finnish Immigration Service office: You can check the opening times at this link:
Personal Identity Code and the Kela Card
If the Finnish Immigration Service issues you with a residence permit or a residence card, or registers your right of residence, your personal data will also be automatically registered in the population information system. At the same time, you will receive a personal identity code. Please note that registration can only be performed if a positive decision on your application has first been made, and the conditions for registration have been fulfilled,
If the registration in the population information system is not successful in terms of receiving a positive decision, you can request registration with the Finnish Digital Agency after arriving in Finland. https://dvv.fi/en/foreigner-registration
You can apply for Kela benefits and a Kela card from Kela's e- services. If you have not previously applied for benefits or for a Kela card and have moved to Finland, in addition to applying for these benefits or the Kela card, you need to make an notification of the move to Finland at: https://www.kela.fi/web/en/from-other-countries-to-finland-quick-guide
Registering as a resident and your home municipality
After moving to Finland, you must register as a resident with the Finnish Digital Agency. You must also report moving temporarily to Finland if you live in the country for more than three months.
If you move to Finland to live for a year or longer, you may have the right to have a home municipality in Finland. You will need a home municipality in order to be entitled to use city or municipal services such as healthcare or daycare for children. The Finnish Digital Agency will find out whether you have the right to a home municipality in Finland and if you can then be registered with one. In order to be able to get a home municipality, you must move to live in Finland permanently. If you live in Finland temporarily, for example, you move to Finland for a maximum of one year to study or work, you cannot usually be assigned a home municipality. The office of the Finnish Digital Agency in Lahti is at Kirkkokatu 12 B, on the 5th floor. Check the opening hours here: https://dvv.fi/en/lahti-en
A foreigner’s Personal ID Card
As a foreigner you can be issued with an foreigner’s ID card if you have a valid residence permit or residence card, or if your right of residence is registered and you have a home municipality in Finland in accordance with the Local Government Act, and your information has been stored in the population information system.
A foreigner’s identity card can be issued for a maximum of five years, but for no longer than the period of validity of their residence permit or residence card. You can apply for an alien's identity card from the Police. You can make most police applications online. A personal visit to the police station is not always required. The on-line police service will inform you if you need to visit the police station to handle your affairs. See this link for electronic services: https://asiointi.poliisi.fi/
You can apply for family reunification if you have, for example, a spouse or under-aged children. Not just anybody can be approved as a family member, so carefully read the instructions on the Finnish Immigration Service's website for how to apply for family reunification and how family members are defined by Finnish law:
If your family member is abroad, he or she must submit an application to the Finnish mission in that country. Check the website of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs for country-specific instructions on where your family members turn to in order to submit a residence permit application for Finland: https://um.fi/residence-permits-to-finland
If you want to apply for Finnish citizenship, you must meet certain citizenship requirements. Check what the Finnish Immigration Service requires of you in order to apply for Finnish citizenship: https://migri.fi/en/finnish-citizenship